According to the UNFPA research, 68% of people in India are between the ages of 15 and 64, compared to 25% of those between the ages of 0 and 14 and 18% between the ages of 10 and 19. (Reuters/Representative)
The UNFPA released its “State of World Population Report 2023,” entitled “8 Billion Lives, Endless Possibilities: The Argument for Rights and Choice,” on Wednesday. In contrast to China’s 1.425.7 million, the research estimates that India should have 1.428.6 million people, a 2.9 million-person gap.
The report’s “Demographic Indicators” section contains the most recent data.
India’s population will surpass China’s for the first time since 1950 when the UN started compiling and disseminating demographic figures.
According to UNFPA’s Anna Jefferys, who advises on media and crisis communications, China’s population peaked in 2017 and is already starting to drop. Despite a decline in population growth since 1980, India’s population is growing.
There is no ideal population size for either country, according to Jefferys, but how India and China can maintain their populations is more crucial.
According to the UNFPA research, 25% of Indians are between the ages of 0 and 14; 18% are between 10 and 19; 26% are between 10 and 24; 68% are between 15 and 64; and 7% are over 65.
The similar numbers for China are 17%, 12%, 18%, 69%, and 14%, which indicates that there are about 200 million senior citizens living there.
With 76 years for men and 82 years for women, China has a longer life expectancy than India. According to the report, India’s statistics are 74 and 71.
India has a population advantage, according to experts. The UNFPA representative in India, Andrea Wojner, noted that the country’s young people will play a significant role in its development and present a significant possibility for economic growth.
India’s advantage, according to Chinese demographic expert Huang Wenzheng, is that the country is still expanding, albeit more slowly. The key, according to Huang, a research fellow at the China-based Center for China and Globalization, is not whether India’s total population has surpassed China’s, but rather that India now has more than twice as many newborns as China and a total fertility rate that is about twice China’s. This means that India’s population will eventually be significantly larger than China’s. Beijing.
“For instance, with pro-employment policies, the growing older populace in southern India can fulfil the laboratory needs of the bulk of the country`s younger humans withinside the north and east. motion among states,” stated Wojner.
The population of China will decrease by 850,000 in 2022, marking the first decrease since 1961. Since Beijing ended the one-child policy and began allowing families to have three additional children, China’s birth rate has not increased as anticipated. The cost of living, daycare, and education are the key causes.
The UNFPA research recommended a “radical reform” of the methodology used to calculate population numbers. He asked public officials and the media to stop using inflated claims about population booms and busts.
“Leaders should ask themselves if people, especially women, can freely make their own reproductive decisions, a question to which the answer is too often negative,” the UNFPA stated in a statement distributed with the release of the report.
Demographic objectives shouldn’t be used as a prison for women’s bodies, claims UNFPA executive director Natalia Kanem. No of how many people live in a given area, “we need to fundamentally rethink how we talk about and plan for demographic change.”